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House of Medici
House of de' Medici
Real Name: Casata dei Medici
Queens: Catherine de' Medici (Queen consort of France)
Heads of Church: Pope Clement VII
Nobles: Hortenza de' Medici

Francesca de' Medici
Pietro de' Medici
Roman de' Medici
Lucrezia de' Medici

Location: Florence, Italy
Affiliations: Kingdom of Italy Flag - Italy
First Mention: Pilot

The House of Medici was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici, in the Republic of Florence during the first half of the 15th century.

List of Heads of the Medici[]

The Vatican[]

  • Pope Leo X (1513–1521)
  • Pope Clement VII (1523–1534)
  • Pope Pius IV (1559–1565)
  • Pope Leo XI (1605)

In 1531, the family became hereditary Dukes of Florence.

In History[]

* 22 June 1510
Alexander (Alessandro) de' Medici was born in Florence, Republic of Florence to Lorenzo di Piero de' Medici and African slave Simonetta da Collevecchio.

* 1516
Lorenzo di Piero de' Medici was made Duke of Urbino by his uncle Pope Leo X.

* 13 June 1518
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino married Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne, Countess of Boulogne (Francis I of France's kinswoman).

* 13 April 1519
Catherine de' Medici was born to Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino and Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne, Countess of Boulogne in Florence, Republic of Florence.

* 28 April 1519
Madeleine, Duchess of Urbino, Countess of Boulogne and Lady of St Saturnin died from childbed fever.

* 4 May 1519
Lorenzo II, Duke of Urbino died from syphilis.

* 1524
Catherine became Countess of Auvergne with the death of her maternal aunt, Anne.

* 1527
The Medicis were exiled from Florence and Catherine was imprisoned. Later that same year her brother Alexander was engaged to Margaret of Austria (illegitimate daughter of Emperor Charles V).

* 12 August 1530
The Medicis regained control of Florence and Catherine was freed.

* 28 October 1533
Pope Clement VII arranged for the marriage of Catherine de' Medici and Prince Henry of France.

* 25 September 1534
Pope Clement VII died at the age of 53.

* 6 January 1537
Alexander de' Medici, Duke of Florence was brutally murdered. He was "hacked to death".

* 31 March 1547
Catherine de' Medici became Queen of France.

* Fall of 1557
Francesca de' Medici and Pietro de' Medici stopped King Henry of France from gaining an audience with the new Pope of Rome.

* 25 December 1559
Giovanni Angelo de' Medici became Pope as Pius IV.

Family Tree[]

Lorenzo de' Medici
Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne
Henry II of France
Catherine de' Medici
Mary, Queen of Scots
Francis II of France
Elisabeth of Valois
Philip II of Spain
Claude of Calois
Charles IX of France
Henry III of France
Isabella Clara Eugenia
Catherine Michelle
Henry II, Duke of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
Marie Elisabeth

Historal Notes[]

Reign's and History's Characters[]